About Asphalt Paving
Asphalt paving is one of the most commonly used forms of construction today. This is due to its high adaptability and low cost. In addition, it is also considered to be a very practical option when it comes to home paving. However, it does have certain shortcomings that need to be taken note of. Read on to know about some of these and consider whether you should opt for asphalt or not.
One of the disadvantages of using an asphalt driveway is that it can be quite slippery. You need to make sure, therefore, that you drive your car carefully on it. And even if you do so, there is still a chance of your vehicle getting stuck on the asphalt. So, you should keep a good grip on the steering wheel and use all the available help you can. This is especially important if you are making a long distance drive.
There is also a possibility that asphalt might damage the surface underneath if it is not properly sealed. This is because asphalt is a petroleum product and petroleum products can cause damage to the environment. Therefore, you should make sure that the paved area is adequately sealed to make sure that it does not erode.
It is also important to remember that asphalt can crack when it gets too wet. If this happens, you will need to replace the area with new asphalt so that it does not get cracked again in future. Otherwise, you may end up spending more on repairing cracks that you have caused. In fact, asphalt cracks can be a real headache especially during heavy rains when the paver becomes very susceptible to water penetration.
Apart from this, asphalt is also susceptible to cracking when it is exposed to heat. This is especially true during summer months when the temperature is high. During this period, it is possible for the asphalt to get very soft and mushy. When this happens, it is much harder to seal the surface properly and repair any cracks that have developed.
Another problem that can occur with an asphalt paver is when it is being used improperly. For instance, when the asphalt paver is being used to pave driveways, it can easily grind over the edges of the driveway. The grout lines might also get damaged during this process. In fact, there are some homeowners who prefer using concrete or paved paths in front of their homes and driveways. However, they often forget that they should also seal these paths. Sealing the pathways will help to keep them protected from debris, grit, water and sand.
Homeowners should therefore find a qualified company to clean up their asphalt paver once in a while. These professionals will use a pressure washer to remove all the dirt and debris that have built up on the paver. They will then use a power washer to completely clean the water surface. After this is done, you can simply have the surfaces sealed and maintained by your local company.
By hiring a company to perform regular maintenance on your asphalt paver, you will be able to prevent some very common problems. For instance, if you find that the pavers have cracks, you can ask your local maintenance company to repair these cracks before they become larger. You can also ask them to apply new asphalt once a year. If you forget to do this, the asphalt will eventually wear out and begin to crack again. By properly maintaining your asphalt paver, you will be able to save yourself money in the long run because you will not have to call maintenance on a regular basis.
Commercial Paving and Maintenance Just as it’s important for homeowners to take care of their own personal landscaping, it’s just as important for commercial property owners to pay attention to how their pavements are maintained. Commercial Paving companies help commercial property owners keep their driveways and parking lots looking great, without spending more than they have to. However, commercial paving is not just about the look and feel of the pavement. It’s also about better traction and less maintenance. In fact, commercial asphalt pavements are among the most difficult to maintain in all kinds of weather conditions. Here are some common problems and solutions to avoid expensive maintenance dollars.
Most brick and stone pavements and slabs are fine in the rain, but they’re not so great when there’s heavy loads coming down. Asphalt and concrete are the most cost-efficient and durable materials for commercial paving projects, but there are now a wide range of choices, including brick-polishing, epoxy, permeable paving and composite pavers. Unlike traditional concrete and asphalt surfaces, permeable paver surfaces offer a porous surface to drain heavy loads and liquids, greatly eliminating the expensive and complicated drainage systems that are so often required… and of course, it’s maintenance free. Since permeable, commercial paving is available in a variety of colors and textures, it can also be a popular choice.
If your parking lot or driveway becomes flooded due to ice and snow, you may need to invest in a storm water detention system. Storm water detention systems are an effective way to control the runoff from storm water, which can cause damage to lawns, gardens and drives. A properly installed storm water detention system captures storm water runoff and re-circulates it away from your commercial property. In addition to reducing runoff and ensuring that it is safely discharged from your commercial property, a properly installed storm water detention system also reduces the risk of damage to your grass and flowers from run-off. And by re-circulating storm water, you can reduce the amount of time that water travels through your drains, which can reduce water damage to landscaping and your foundation.
For properties that already have a concrete surface, such as a parking lot, you may still want to consider the installation of additional drainage system. However, if you do not already have a concrete slab or parking lot, or if you are building a new structure, you may want to consider the installation of a permeable plastic pavement. In the past, these paved surfaces were reserved for very large commercial structures, but today they are becoming more common in residential areas as well. The primary reason for this is because permeable plastic pavers are more durable and require less maintenance.
Another benefit of a permeated parking lot or an asphalt surface is the fact that they are environmentally friendly. With asphalt, you have to use petroleum-based products to seal and repair damage, which is not only costly, but also adds to the damage that you have done to the earth. And while asphalt will not add any additional weight to your vehicle, there are reports that say that it can cause the vehicle to tip over. This is because when asphalt is filled with water, it can become compact and can squeeze the bumper of a vehicle.
Paved surfaces with permeable piers allow water to drain into a deeper spot, thus eliminating compacting issues and helping to keep vehicles from tipping over. Additionally, you can choose to have a seamless pavement, which can be installed in a variety of colors and materials. Concrete is also a popular paving material, but when you factor in the cost-effectiveness and the added maintenance required, asphalt really comes out on top.
Asphalt and paved areas are certainly attractive, but many people do not like the concrete appearance. The great thing about permeable plastic covers and gravel is that you can always choose something different to accentuate your landscape. Asphalt and concrete can both be dyed for various purposes, but gravel is a great alternative that does not require the extra investment and labor that other types of paving require.
When it comes to sealing and repairing damage on a commercial paving project, there is a tool that can help you out-prompt the process Sealcoating. It is important that you hire professional sealcoaters for your paving project to ensure that you get the job done correctly. By using a sealcoating product that is designed to work on wet, dry, and crack-free surfaces, you can seal and repair virtually any damage without having to replace the damaged pavement. There are many products available on the market that are specially formulated to work on all types of surfaces wet, dry, crack, and permeable. For more information about the sealcoating products that are available, contact a commercial paving services company.
About Bethany, OK
The site is believed to have been continuously inhabited from the 6th century BCE. In 1923–1924, American archaeologist William F. Albright identified the village with Ananiah (or 'Ananyab); however, Edward Robinson and others have identified Ananiah with present-day Beit Hanina.
According to the Catholic Encyclopedia of 1913, there have been scholars who questioned whether al-Eizariya was the actual site of the ancient village of Bethany:
Bethany is recorded in the New Testament as a small village in Judaea, the home of the siblings Mary of Bethany, Martha, and Lazarus, as well as that of Simon the Leper. Jesus is reported to have lodged there after his entry into Jerusalem. The village is referenced in relation to five incidents, in which the word Bethany appears 11 times:
In Luke 10:38-42, a visit of Jesus to the home of Mary and Martha is described, but the village of Bethany is not named (nor whether Jesus is even in the vicinity of Jerusalem).
The Crusaders called al-Eizariya by its Biblical name Bethany. In 1138, King Fulk and Queen Melisende of Jerusalem purchased the village from the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem in exchange for land near Hebron. The queen founded a large Benedictine convent dedicated to Sts. Mary and Martha near the Tomb of Lazarus. Melisende's sister Ioveta, thenceforward "of Bethany," was one of the first abbesses. Melisende died there in 1163; her stepdaughter Sibylla of Anjou also died there in 1165. Melisende's granddaughter Sibylla, also later Queen of Jerusalem, was raised in the abbey. After the fall of Jerusalem in 1187, the nuns of the convent went into exile. The village seems to have been abandoned thereafter, though a visitor in 1347 mentioned Greek Orthodox monks attending the tomb chapel.
Yaqut al-Hamawi (†1229) described it as "A village near Jerusalem. There is here the tomb of Al Azar (Lazarus), whom Isa (Jesus) brought to life from being dead."
In the 1480s, during the Mamluk period, Felix Fabri visited and described different places in the village, including a "house and storehouse" of Maria Magdalen, the house of Martha, the church of the sepulchre of Lazarus, and the house of Simon the Leper. He described the village as being "well-peopled", with the inhabitants being saracen.
In 1517, the village was included in the Ottoman Empire with the rest of Palestine, and in the 1596 tax-records it appeared as 'Ayzariyya, located in the Nahiya of Jabal Quds of the Liwa of Al-Quds. The population was 67 households, all Muslim. They paid taxes on wheat, barley, vineyards and fruit trees, occasional revenues, goats and beehives; a total of 14,000 Akçe.
The Ottomans built the al-Uzair Mosque and named it in honor of Lazarus, who is revered by both Christians and Muslims. For 100 years after it was constructed, Christians were invited to worship in it, but the practice was frowned upon by European church authorities who preferred that adherents of both faiths remain separate.
In 1838, Edward Robinson visited, and described it as a poor village of some 20 families. It was also noted as a Muslim village, located in the el-Wadiyeh region, east of Jerusalem.
In 1870, the French explorer Victor Guérin visited the village. Socin found that al-Eizariya had a population of 113, with a total of 36 houses, from an official Ottoman village list from about the same year. The population count included men only. Hartmann found that the village had 35 houses.
In 1883, the PEF's Survey of Western Palestine described the village (named El Aziriyeh), as being on the side of a hill, with a ravine running down on the east side of it. The houses were built of stone. The village was dominated by the remains of a Crusader building. A mosque with a white dome was built over what was traditionally the tomb of Lazaruz. A second small mosque, dedicated to a Sheik Ahmed, was located to the south of the village.
Around 1890, Khalil Aburish, whose ancestors had officially been designated "guardians of the holy resting place of Lazarus", began promoting al-Eizariya as a tourist or pilgrimage destination.
In 1896 the population of El-'azarije was estimated to be about 315 persons.
In the early 20th century, visitors counted 40 family dwellings in the village. In 1917, it had about 400 residents.
In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, the village had a population of 506 Muslims and 9 Christians, where 2 of the Christians were Orthodox, and 7 Roman Catholics. In the 1931 census of Palestine this had increased to 726 persons, 715 Muslims and 11 Christians, in 152 houses. The number included members of a Greek Convent.
In the 1945 statistics, the population was 1,060; 1,040 Muslims and 20 Christians, while the total land area was 11,179 dunams, according to an official land and population survey. Of this, 43 were allocated for plantations and irrigable land, 3,359 for cereals, while 102 dunams were classified as built-up (urban) areas.
During the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and through the years 1948–1967, the site was controlled by Jordan.
In 1961, the population of the area was 3,308.
Since the Six-Day War in 1967, Bethany has been occupied by Israel, and lands to the east of the village were declared a closed military zone, cutting farmers off from the lentils and wheat crops they cultivated on the hilltops where Maaleh Adumim was later established.
Today, the town is overcrowded due to rapid population growth and a lack of town planning. Much of the agricultural land that produced figs, almonds, olives and carob has been confiscated or cut down by Israeli authorities, or has been absorbed into the expanding built-up area of Al-Eizariya.
After the 1995 accords, 87.3% of Al-Eizariya land was classified as Area C and the remaining 12.7% as Area B. Israel has confiscated land from Al-Eizariya in order to build two Israeli settlements:
Many of the original inhabitants now live in Jordan, the United States, and the Arab states of the Persian Gulf. Real estate speculation and the opening of many bank branches briefly accompanied expectations that the Palestinian Authority would set up its seat of government in East Jerusalem. In 2000, about a quarter of the population, then 16,000, held Israeli ID cards.
In 2004, the Israeli West Bank barrier was built across Bethany's main road, curtailing the commerce in the strip of shops along the road, which drew both Arab and Jewish customers.